China on Monday (Feb 24) declared an immediate and “comprehensive” ban on the trade of wild animals, a practice believed responsible for the deadly COVID-19 outbreak.
The country’s top legislative committee met on Monday and approved a proposal “on comprehensively prohibiting the illegal wildlife trade, abolishing the bad habit of overconsumption of wildlife, and effectively protecting the lives and health of the people”, state television reported.
The official Xinhua news agency said earlier on Monday that the proposal was submitted to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC).
“It aims to completely ban the eating of wild animals and crackdown on illegal wildlife trade,” it said.
The report added that the measure was aimed at “safeguarding public health and ecological security”.
The Standing Committee, which is responsible for convening the 3,000-member NPC, has postponed the annual session for the first time since the Cultural Revolution due to the health crisis.
The session was due to start early next month. A new date will be decided later, state broadcaster CCTV said.
Chinese health officials have said the virus likely emerged from a market in the central city of Wuhan that sold wild animals as food.
Late last month after the epidemic began exploding across the country, China ordered a temporary ban “until the national epidemic situation is over”.
The coronavirus has killed more than 2,500 people in China, infected 77,000 so far and paralysed its economy. It has spread to at least two dozen countries, infecting 1,500 people and killing nearly 30.
Conservationists accuse China of tolerating a shadowy trade in exotic animals for food or use in traditional medicines whose efficacy is not confirmed by science.
China instituted a similar temporary ban after the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) virus killed hundreds of people in China and Hong Kong in 2002-03 and was also traced to wild-animal consumption.
But the wildlife trade soon resumed.
Health experts say it poses a significant and growing public health risk by exposing humans to dangerous animal-borne pathogens.
The exact source of the coronavirus remains unconfirmed, with scientists variously speculating it originated in bats, pangolins, or some other mammal.
Scientists say SARS likely originated in bats, later reaching humans via civets.
Civets, a cat-like creature, were among dozens of species listed as for sale by one of the merchants at the Wuhan market according to a price list that circulated on China’s internet.
Other items included rats, snakes, giant salamanders and live wolf pups.
Source: Xinhua / Channel News Asia